An introduction to the history of the arctic national wildlife refuge

With many small lakes and luxuriant grasses, the Sand Hills area is a superb rangeland. Permafrost - There are several types of permafrost. Each summer orca, humpback and minke whales feed in the channels, and it is not unusual to see moose and bears swimming across the picturesque bay.

Nebraska Territory was the creation of a Democratic administration in Washington, D.

Wildlife Guide

Ice Drillng - Drilling deep into the Greenland ice sheet, scientists have recovered what seem to be bits of plants. In addition, more polar bears have been overwintering in dens on the mainland rather than on sea iceand there has been a rise in the number of polar bears thought to have drowned after having been stranded on ice floes surrounded by expanses of open water.

Fish and Wildlife Service Arctic National Wildlife Refuge protects an enormous pristine high-latitude wilderness that encompasses several ecological zones. Many of the Inuit were systematically converted to Christianity in the 19th and 20th centuries, through rituals such as the Siqqitiq.

Icebreaker Tours - Since the s, trips to the North Pole on icebreakers have increased in popularity for tourists. The more sparsely settled Inuit in the Central Arctic, however, did so less often. Greenland Shark - One of the largest sharks in the world, rivaling the Great White in size.

In the public assistance agencies of the state were reorganized into three separate Health and Human Services agencies. Covering much of the Inside Passage, it is home to bears grown fat on salmon, eagles soaring the endless skies and year-old trees standing silently over a rich and verdant land.

Equiano, Olaudah - In he became the first black person to go to the Arctic when he joined an expedition to find a passage across the North Pole. Food Poisoning - Canning was a new method of preserving food when the Franklin Expedition set off for the Arctic.

Hypothermia - Exposure to cold can cause the chilling of the inner core of the body. Search for wolves and bears in the shadow of Mount McKinley at Denali National Park, be amazed at towering glaciers and icebergs in the Kenai Fjords, before photographing grizzlies at Brook Falls.

Great Circle Route - The shortest course between two points on the surface of that sphere. A wide variety of prairies originally covered Nebraska; now the slopes of the river valleys are well covered with deciduous trees.

Arctic Ocean

These groups together made up about one-tenth of the total population in the early 21st century. Island Roamer A metre ketch-rigged yacht, the Island Roamer is large enough for comfort, privacy and safety, yet small enough to create a good atmosphere on board.

Additional quantities of natural gas, however, are imported to serve the commercial, industrial, and residential needs of the state.

Nebraska ranks as one of the top states in the production of corn-based ethanol and has more than 20 ethanol plants across the state.

In addition the Iowa and the Sauk and Fox each have a reservation in the extreme southeastern corner of the state. Alaska interior Ideal for viewing: The alluvial soils of the Missouri and Platte river valleys and the valleys of smaller streams are outstanding for raising corn maize and other crops.

The Niobraraa swift-moving stream that rises in the high country just west of the Wyoming border, flows across extreme northern Nebraska. This community was concentrated north of downtown Omaha in an area that increasingly became characterized by the social and economic problems common to the ghettos of other large cities.

The deepest water mass is called Arctic Bottom Water and begins around metres 3, feet depth. It remains relatively stable, because the salinity effect on density is bigger than the temperature effect.

The river is formed by the confluence of the North and South Platte rivers, both of which rise in Colorado to the southwest, although the North Platte swings northward through Wyoming, to the west, before entering Nebraska.

Services, manufacturingtransportation, and agriculture are the major sources of income. Urban growth was stimulated by the mechanization of agriculture, which brought about the working of more land by fewer persons, decreases in the number of farms, and increases in average farm size.

Frazil - Ice crystals that form in very cold water that is moving around too much to let them form into a sheet. Inuit Carvings - This artistic expression has produced a number of "world class" artists. Present Years Ago - Historical Period.

Iceberg Drifting - Before some icebergs completely deteriorate, they may travel great distances. Haloes - Haloes around the sun sometimes occur in cold areas when sunlight interacts with ice crystals.Bison had roamed widely over the Nebraska plains until their near extermination at the time of settlement in Some of these animals remain in their natural habitat on the Fort Niobrara National Wildlife Refuge, near Valentine.

Search | Top / Topic Lists Arctic Animals Also see: BIRDS, POLAR BEARS, SLED DOGS, WHALES & Arctic Animal LINKS Arctic Fox - In the winter, the brownish grey coat of the Arctic fox changes to a thick, warm white coat.

Arctic Fox - The Arctic fox is both a hunter and a scavenger and will sometimes steal from a polar bear. Arctic Hare. Endangerment is a complex issue that involves the ecosystems where species live and interact together.

Measures are being taken on specific issues of endangerment, but without protecting the environments where endangered species live, these efforts will. Arctic National Wildlife Refuge. Considered one the ultimate virgin wildlife reserves in the Americas, the vast Arctic National Wildlife Refuge covers more than 78, square kilometres and supports a remarkable biodiversity.

The Arctic Ocean is the smallest and shallowest of the world's five major oceans. The International Hydrographic Organization (IHO) recognizes it as an ocean, although some oceanographers call it the Arctic Mediterranean Sea or simply the Arctic Sea, classifying it a mediterranean sea or an estuary of the Atlantic Ocean.

It is also seen as the. Other unsung environmental stewards are Vermont's Hunters, Anglers, and Trappers who protect the values and traditions of outdoor sports in our state.

An introduction to the history of the arctic national wildlife refuge
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