The war ended on 16 December after West Pakistan surrendered. The war changed the geopolitical landscape liberation war of bangladesh essay help South Asiawith the emergence of Bangladesh as the seventh-most populous country in the world.
The Indian state led by Indira Gandhi provided substantial diplomatic, economic and military support to Bangladeshi nationalists. There was also the language issue that kept East Pakistan and West Pakistan in an uneasy status.
They secured control of most parts of the countryside. With air supremacy achieved in the eastern theatre and the rapid advance of the Allied Forces of Bangladesh and India, Pakistan surrendered in Dacca on 16 December They liberated numerous towns and cities in the initial months of the conflict.
Due to discrimination in economy and ruling powers against them, the East Pakistanis vigorously protested and declared independence on March 26, under the leadership of Sheikh Mujibur Rahman. The Pakistan Army regained momentum in the monsoon.
The plight of millions of war-ravaged Bengali civilians caused worldwide outrage and alarm. Led by General M. The majority of member states in the United Nations recognised Bangladesh as a sovereign nation in India joined the war on 3 Decemberafter Pakistan launched preemptive air strikes on North India.
The struggle finally culminated into the war of independence. An estimated 10 million Bengali refugees fled to neighboring India, while 30 million were internally displaced.
The capital Dhaka was the scene of numerous massacres, including the Operation Searchlight and Dhaka University massacre. An academic consensus prevails that the atrocities committed by the Pakistani military were a genocide. By November, the Bangladesh forces restricted the Pakistani military to its barracks during the night.
This day has been remembered since then and is observed each year to emphasize the importance of the Bengali language. The Reasons for war: But during the year prior to that, to suppress the unrest in East Pakistan, the Pakistani government sent troops to East Pakistan and unleashed a massacre.
Bengali guerrillas carried out widespread sabotage, including Operation Jackpot against the Pakistan Navy. Thousands of Bengali families were interned in West Pakistan, from where many escaped to Afghanistan. East Pakistan therefore disagreed; seven students were killed in a fierce protest on February 21, Rural and urban areas across East Pakistan saw extensive military operations and air strikes to suppress the tide of civil disobedience that formed following the election stalemate.
Osmani and eleven sector commandersthe Bangladesh Forces waged a mass guerrilla war against the Pakistani military. Although East Pakistan had the largest population among all the provinces, it had much less political power than West Pakistan. The Sheik gave a speech on March 7, when he urged the people to turn all their homes into a fort of fight.
It pursued the systematic elimination of nationalist Bengali civilians, students, intelligentsiareligious minorities and armed personnel. The Bangladeshi Declaration of Independence was proclaimed from Chittagong by members of the Mukti Bahini — the national liberation army formed by Bengali military, paramilitary and civilians.
However, there were several significant reasons that caused the East Pakistani people to fight for their independence. Sheik Mujibur Rahman, the leader of the Awami League in East Pakistan, explicitly demanded more economic and political powers.
The subsequent Indo-Pakistani War witnessed engagements on two war fronts. This eventually made the people of East Pakistan rebel.
The Pakistan Armywhich had the backing of Islamists, created radical religious militias — the RazakarsAl-Badr and Al-Shams — to assist it during raids on the local populace. Having control over the provinces, the West used up more resources than the East.
The Awami League, led by Sheikh Mujibur Rahman, won a landslide victory in the national elections in and demanded autonomy for East Pakistan. The party won a seats and a majority in the national assembly.Liberation War of Bangladesh The Bangladesh Liberation War[a] (Bengali: মুক্তিযুদ্ধ Muktijuddho) was a revolutionary independence war in South Asia during which established the sovereign, independent state of Bangladesh. The war pitted East Pakistan (later joined by India) against West Pakistan, and lasted over a duration of nine months.
Below is an essay on "The Liberation War" from Anti Essays, your source for research papers, essays, and term paper examples. THE LIBERATION WAR OF BANGLADESH Introduction: Bangladesh is a proud nation as it emerged through a glorious freedom fight/5(1). Conflict Analysis Case Study –Bangladesh Liberation War.
Background and Internal Factors.
West Pakistan had four provinces: “Punjab, Sindh, Balochistan, and the North-West Frontier.” Province number 5 was East Pakistan, and it was the largest province out of all.
West Pakistan had control over all the provinces, and used up most of the resources.
"India Pakistan War " also known as "Bangladesh Liberation War" was as armed conflict between India and East Pakistan against West Pakistan.
The war resulted in massive defeat of West Pakistan and secession of East Pakistan which is now known as Bangladesh.
Essays & Papers Liberation war of Bangladesh - Paper Example Liberation war of Bangladesh The Bangladesh Liberation War in was for independence from Pakistan -.
The Bangladesh Liberation War (Bengali: মুক্তিযুদ্ধ Muktijuddho), also known as the Bangladesh War of Independence, or simply the Liberation War in Bangladesh, was a revolution and armed conflict sparked by the rise of the Bengali nationalist and self-determination movement in what was then East Pakistan during the Bangladesh genocide.Download