Two years prior to that, his father, Niccolo, and uncle, Maffeo, had just returned from their trade expedition in the East. Haeger argued the Marco Polo might not have visited Southern China due to the lack of details in his description of southern Chinese cities compared to northern ones, while Herbert Franke also raised the possibility that Marco Polo might not have been to China at all, and wondered if he might have based his accounts on Persian sources due to his use of Persian expressions.
Polo had therefore completed the story by providing information not found in either source. He was famous for his adventures, and as a result he was treated with unusual courtesy for a prisoner and released within a year. He was a Venetian explorer and merchant whose account of his travels in Asia was the primary source for the European image of the Far East until the late 19th century.
There is no authentic original manuscript, and even if there were, it would likely not represent what Polo dictated since Rustichello asserted his own personality and familiar phraseology, especially in the standardized description of battles.
Not much is known about his golden years except that he continued trading and litigated against a cousin. For hundreds of years, Polo remained the only European source about China.
It is also largely free of the gross errors in other accounts such as those given by the Moroccan traveler Ibn Battuta who had confused the Yellow River with the Grand Canal and other waterways, and believed that porcelain was made from coal.
Marco was seventeen years old when he, his father and uncle finally set out for the court of Kublai Khan Stefoff Kublai Khan gives financial support to the Polo family, and accepts gifts of the Venetians.
His book greatly described the Silk Road in China. On 9 th JanuaryPolo fell ill and died, leaving behind a far-flung legacy on the world. For More Information Collis, Maurice.
Book Three describes some of the coastal regions of the East: A Genoese-Venetian peace treaty in allowed Marco Polo to return home. They were to return to Cathay with one hundred learned men who could instruct the Mongols in the Christian religion and the liberal arts. Seal of the Mongol ruler Ghazan in a letter to Pope Boniface VIIIwith an inscription in Chinese seal script Omissions Skeptics have long wondered if Marco Polo wrote his book based on hearsay, with some pointing to omissions about noteworthy practices and structures of China as well as the lack of details on some places in his book.
Finally, the Polos returned to Venice in His claim is confirmed by a Chinese text of the 14th century explaining how a Sogdian named Mar-Sargis from Samarkand founded six Nestorian Christian churches there in addition to one in Hangzhou during the second half of the 13th century.
His observations about customs and local characteristics have also been proven true by research. See Article History Marco Polo, born c.
The history of the text itself is characterized by similar uncertainty. During these visits he learned about different cultures, foods, cities, and peoples. Yet, according to Ramusio, the scorn changed to delight when the returned travelers invited everyone to a homecoming banquet, ripped apart their old clothes, and let all the hidden jewels clatter to the table Great Lives from History The khan could also observe for himself that young Marco was a good candidate.
The return to Venice Sometime around according to Otagia Mongol princess was to be sent to Persia to become the consort of Arghun Khanand the Polos offered to accompany her. Some in the Middle Ages viewed the book simply as a romance or fable, largely because of the sharp difference of its descriptions of a sophisticated civilisation in China to other early accounts by Giovanni da Pian del Carpine and William of Rubruck who portrayed the Mongols as "barbarians" who appeared to belong to "some other world".
Elvin concludes that "those who doubted, although mistaken, were not always being casual or foolish", but "the case as a whole had now been closed": In September he was captured and imprisoned in Genoa.
It took four years for Marco, his father and his uncle to reach China. Nevertheless, Marco Polo joined them on their second trip to Asia in Marco had to travel across the great Gobi Desert to get to China.
The tradition is that Polo dictated the book to a romance writer, Rustichello da Pisawhile in prison in Genoa between — The Polos were some of the first Europeans who traveled to China and Mongolia.Marco Polo is one of the most well-known heroic travelers and traders around the world.
In my paper I will discuss with you Marco Polo's life, his travels, and. Biography: Marco Polo was a merchant and explorer who traveled throughout the Far East and China for much of his life.
Marco told detailed stories of his journeys to a writer named Rustichello who wrote them all down in. Book of the Marvels of the World (French: Livre des Merveilles du Monde) or Description of the World (Devisement du Monde), in Italian Il Milione (The Million) or Oriente Poliano and in English commonly called The Travels of Marco Polo, is a 13th-century travelogue written down by Rustichello da Pisa from stories told by Marco Polo, describing Polo's.
Culinary Arts and Personal Services; Education; Learn about Marco Polo's life and his travels to China, where he found some of the important ideas and items we use today. Marco Polo Lesson. Early life and Asian travel. Mosaic of Marco Polo displayed in the Palazzo Doria-Tursi, in Genoa, Italy.
Inhis great-uncle, Marco Polo, borrowed money and commanded a ship in Constantinople. According to The Travels of Marco Polo, they passed through much of Asia, and met with Kublai Khan.
Watch video · Marco Polo ( to January 8, ) was a Venetian explorer known for the book The Travels of Marco Polo, which describes his voyage to and experiences in Asia.
Polo traveled extensively with his.Download